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: . , , . . , [113, 162, 189]; . 3.31. , . , , :

(3.3.9)

, , . [113] ,

(3.3.10)

[162], , . 3.31, , .

. 3.31, ; ; , [162] (The American Physical Society, 1982).

. - . . , ; . [162] , . 3.32. , , .

. , , . . , (, ) .

. 3.32. () () , . 3.31 (162) (The American Physical Society, 1982).

, , . [19] , , .

(3.3.11)

. . . 3.33. . 3.33, . , , . , , , . . 3.33, ; , . 3.33, , . , , (3.3.11), , , , .

, , . : , , .

. [18] , . , , , . : = 7,5 , R = -500 , 200 .

. 3.33. , , ; [19] (Elsevier Science Publishers, 1984).

. N , , ,

(3.3.12)

() .

. 3.34. , [44] (Plenum Publishing Corp., 1980).

N = 100 , .

, , .

. , . 3.34, [44].

. - , . 3.34, , , ID . . ,

(3.3.13)

, , , , 0,42 . , .

, , [197] . . . [128, 129] [17,18] , .

. 3.35. , [129] (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 1985).

, ., . 3.35, . , .. . , . . - , . 3.35, ,

(3.3.14)

, , . 3.35, :

(3.3.15)

. (3.3.14) ( . . 4). , .

. 3.36. (. . 1.35). . , , . 3.35, [129] (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 1985).

: . . 3.36, (. . 1.25).

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