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-, . . : (Rummel, 1967; Schuessler, 1971; Cattell, 1952; Comrey, 1973; Fruchter, 1954).

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(Harman, 1976; Mulaik, 1972; Lawley and Maxwell, 1971).

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Psychometrika; British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology; Educational and Psychological Measurement.

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SPSS; OSIRIS; SAS; BMD.

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Little Jiffy, Mark IV (Kaiser, 1974); Cofamm (Sorbom, Joreskog, 1976).

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Tucker, Koopman; Linn (1969); Browne (1968); Linn (1968); Hakstian (1971); Hakstian and Abell (1974).

ALWIN, D.F. (1973) The use of factor analysis in the construction of linear composites in social research. Sociological Methods and Research 2:191-214.

ANDERSON, T.W. and H. RUBIN (1956) Statistical inference in factor analysis. Proceedings of the Third Berkeley Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability 5:111-150.

ASHER, H. (1976) Causal Modeling. Sage University Papers on Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences, 07-003. Beverly Hills and London: Sage Pub.

BMDP-77: Biomedical Computer Programs (-Series). W.J.Dixon, Series Editor, M.B. Brown, Editor 1977 edition. Los Angeles: Univ. of California Press, 1977.

BARGMANN, R.E. (1957) A Study of Independence and Dependence in Multivariate Normal Analysis. Mimeo Series No. 186. Chapel Hill, N.C.: Institute of Statistics.

BARTLETT, M.S. (1937) The statistical conception of method factors. British Journal of Psychology 28:97-104.

BOCK,R.D. and R.E. BARGMANN (1966) Analysis of covariance structure. Psycho-metrika 31:507-534.

BOCK, R.D. and M. LIEBERMAN (1970) Fitting a response model for N dichoto-mously scored items. Psychometrika 26:347-372.

BOCK, R.D. and A.C. PETERSON (1975) A multivariate correction for attenuation. Biometrika 62:673-678.

BROWNE. M.W. (1968) A comparison of factor analytic techniques. Psychometrika 33:267-334.

COFAMM: Confirmatory Factory Analysis with Model Modification Users Guide. SOrbom, D. and Joreskog, K.G. Chicago: National Educational Resources, Inc., 1976.

CARROLL. J.B. (1953) Approximating simple structure in factor analysis. Psychometrika 18:23-38.

CARROLL, J.B. (1961) The nature of data, or how to choose a correlation coefficient. Psychometrika 26:347-372.

CATTELL, R.B. (1952) Factor Analysis. New York: Harper and Bros.

CATTELL, R.B. (1965) Factor analysis: an introduction to essentials. (I) the purpose and underlying models, (II) the role of factor analysis in research. Biometrics 21:190-215,405-435.

CATTELL, R.B. (1966) Handbook of Multivariate Experimental Psychology. Chicago: Rand McNally.

CATTELL, R.B. and J.L. MUERLE (1960) The maxplane program for factor rotation to oblique simple structure. Educational and Psychological Measurement 20:269-290.

CHRISTOFFERSSON, A. (1975) Factor analysis of dichotomized variables. Psychometrika 40:5-32.

COMREY, A.L. (1973) A First Course in Factor Analysis. New York: Academic Press.

CRONBACH, L.J. (1951) Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika 16:297-334.

DUNCAN, O.D. (1966) Path analysis: sociological examples. American Journal of Sociology 72:1-16.

EBER, H.W. (1966) Toward oblique simple structure maxplane. Multivariate Behavioral Research 1:112-125.

FRUCHTER, B. (1954) Introduction to Factor Analysis. New York: Van Nostrand.

GREEN, B.F., Jr. (1976) On the factor score controversy. Psychometrika41:263-266.

GUILFORD, J.P. (1977) The invariance problem in factor analysis. Educational and Psychological Measurement 37:11-19.

GUTTMAN, L. (1953) Image theory for the structure of quantitative variates. Psychometrika 18:227-296.

GUTTMAN, L. (1954) Some necessary conditions for common factor analysis. Psychometrika 19:149-161.

HAKSTIAN, A.R. (1971) A comparative evaluation of several prominent methods of oblique factor transformation. Psychometrika 36:175-193.

HAKSTIAN, A.R. and'R.A. ABELL (1974) A further comparison of oblique factor transformation methods. Psychometrika 39:429-444.

HARMAN, H.H. (1976) Modern Factor Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

HARMAN, H.H. (in press) Minres method of factor analysis, in K. Enstein, A. Ralston, and H.S. Wilf (eds.> Statistical Methods for Digital Computers. New York: John Wiley.

HARMAN, H.H. and W.H. JONES (1966) Factor analysis by minimizing residuals (Minres). Psychometrika 31:351-368,

HARMAN, H.H. and Y. FUKUDA (1966) Resolution of the Heywood case in the Minres solution. Psychometrika 31:563-571.

HARRIS, C.W. (1962) Some Rao-Guttman relationships. Psychometrika 27:247-263.

HARRIS, C.W. (1967) On factors and factor scores. Psychometrika 32:363-379.

HARRIS, C.W. and H.F. KAISER (1964) Oblique factor analytic solutions by orthogonal transformations. Psychometrika 29:347-362.

HENDRICKSON, A.E. and P.O. WHITE (1964) Promax: A quick method for rotation to oblique simple structure. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology 17:65-70.

HORN, J.L. (1965) An empirical comparison of various methods for estimating common factor scores. Educational and Psychological Measurement 25:313-322.

HORST, P. (1965) Factor Analysis of Data Matrices. New York: Holt Rinehart and Winston.

HOTELLING, H. (1933) Analysis of a complex of statistical variables into principal components, Journal of Education Psychology 24:417-441,498-520.

HOWE, W.G. (1955) Some Contributions to Factor Analysis. Report No. ORNL-1919. Oak Ridge, Tenn.: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Carolina.

JENNRICH, R.I. (1970) Orthogonal Rotation Algorithms. Psychometrika 35:229-235.

JENNRICH, R.I. (1974) Simplified formulae in standard errors in maximum likelihood factor analysis. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology 27:122-131.

JENNRICH, R.I. and P.F. SAMPSON (1966) Rotation for simple loadings. Psychometrika 3 1:313-323.

JORESKOG, K.G. (1963) Statistical Estimation in Factor Analysis: A New Technique and Its Foundation. Stockholm: Almquist and Wiksell.

JORESKOG, K.G. (1966) Testing a simple structure hypothesis in factor analysis. Psychometrika 31:165-178.

JORESKOG, K.G. (1967) Some contributions to maximum likelihood factor analysis. Psychometrika 32:443-482.

JORESKOG, K.G. (1969) A general approach to confirmatory maximum likelihood factor analysis. Psychometrika 34:183-202.

JORESKOG, K.G. (1970) A general method for analysis of covariance structure. Biometrika 57:239-251.

JORESKOG, K.G. (1976) Analyzing Psychological Data by Structural Analysis of Covariance Matrices. Research Report 76-9. University of Uppsala, Statistics Department.

JORESKOG, K.G. and D.N. LAWLEY (1968) New methods in maximum likelihood factor analysis. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology 21:85-96.

KAISER, H.F. (1958) The varimax criterion for analytic rotation in factor analysis. Psychometrika 23:187-200.

KAISER, H.F. (1963) Image analysis, pp. 156-166 in C.W. Harris (ed.) Problems in Measuring Change. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

KAISER, H.F. (1970) A second-generation Little Jiffy. Psychometrika 35:401-415.

KAISER, H.F. (1974) Little Jiffy, Mark IV. Educational and Psychological Measurement 34:111-117.

KAISER, H.F. (1974) An index of factorial simplicity. Psychometrika 39:31-36.

KAISER, H.F. and J. CAFF RE Y (1965) Alpha factor analysis. Psychometrika 30: 1-14.

KIM, J.O. (1975) Multivariate analysis of ordinal variables. American Journal of Sociology 81:261-298.

KIM, J.O. and C.W. MUELLER (1976) Standardized and unstandardized coefficients in causal analysis: An expository note. Sociological Methods and Research 4:423-438.

KIM, J.O., N. NIE, and S. VERBA (1977) A note on factor analyzing dichotomous variables: the case of political participation. Political Methodology 4:39-62.

KIRK, D.B. (1973) On the numerical approximation of the bivariate normal (tetra-choric) correlation coefficient. Psychometrika 38:259-268.

LISREL III: Estimation of Linear Structural Equation Systems by Maximum Likelihood Methods. (Users Guide). JOreskog, K.G. and Sorbom, D. Chicago: National 1 Educational Resources, Inc., 1976.

LITTLE JIFFY, MARK IV. (See Kaiser, 1974).

LABOVITZ, S. (1967) Some observations on measurement and statistics. Social Forces 46:151-160.

LABOVITZ, S (1970) The assignment of numbers to rank order categories. American Sociological Review 35:515-524.

LAND, K.O. (1969) Principles of path analysis, pp. 3-37 in E.F. Borgatta (ed.) Sociological Methodology. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

LAWLEY, D.N. (1940) The estimation of factor loading by the method of maximum likelihood. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 60:64-82.

LAWLEY, D.N. and MAXWELL, A.E. (1971) Factor Analysis as a Statistical Method. London: Butterworth and Co.

LEVINE, M.S. (1977) Canonical Analysis and Factor Comparison. Sage University Papers on Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences, 07-006. Beverly Hills and London: Sage Pub.

LI, C.C. (1975) Path Analysis-A Primer. Pacific Grove, Calif.: Boxwood Press.

LINN,R.L. (1968) A Monte Carlo approach to the number of factors jproblems. Psychometrika 33:37-71.

LORD, F.M. and W.R. NOVICK (1968) Statistical Theories of Mental Test Scores. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley.

MALINVAND, E. (1970) Statistical Methods of Econometrics. New York: Elsevier.

MAXWELL, A.E. (1972) Thomsons sampling theory recalled. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology 25:1-21.

McPONALD, R.P. (1970) The theoretical foundations of principal factor analysis, canonical factor analysis, and alpha factor analysis. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology 23:1-21.

McDONALD, R.P. (1974) The measurement of factor indeterminacy. Psychometrika 39:203-221.

McDONALD, R.P. (1975) Descriptive axioms for common factor theory, image theory and component theory. Psychometrika 40:137-152.

McDONALD, R.P. (1975) A note on Rippes test of significance in common factor analysis. Psychometrika40:117-119.

McDONALD, R.P. and E.J. BURR (1967) A comparison of four methods of constructing factor scores. Psychometrika 32:380-401.

MULADC, S.A. (1972) The Foundations of Factor Analysis. New York: McGraw-Hill.

NEUHAUS, J.O. and C.WRIGLEY (1954) The method: an analytic approach to orthogonal simple structure. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistic^ Psychology 7:81-91.

OSIRIS Manual. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Inter-University Consortium for Political Research, 1973.

RAO.C.R. (1955) Estimation and test of significance m factor analysis. Psychometrika 20:93-111.

RUMMEL, R.J. (1967) Understanding factor analysis. Conflict Resolution 11:444-480.

RUMMEL, R.J. (1970) Applied Factor Analysis. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.

SAS: A Users Guide to SAS 76. Anthony J. Ban, James H. Goodnight, John P. Sail, and Jane T. Helwig. Raleigh, N.C.: SAS Institute, Inc., 1976.

SPSS: Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Norman H. Nie, C. Hadlai Hull, Jean G. Jenkins, Karin Steinbrenner, and Dale Bent. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1975.

SAUNDERS, D.R. (1953) An Analytic Method for Rotation to Orthogonal Simple Structure. Research Bulletin 53-10. Princeton, N.J.: Educational Testing Service.

SAUNDERS, D.R. (1960) A computer program to find the best-fitting orthogonal factors for a given hypothesis. Psychometrika 25:199-205.

SCHUESSLER, K. (1971) Analyzing Social Data. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

SORBOM, D. and K.G. JORESKOG (1976) COFAMM: Confirmatory Factor Analysis with Model Modification Users Guide. Chicago: National Educational Resources, Inc.

STEPHENSON, W. (1953) The Study of Behavior. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

STEVENS, S.S. (1946) On the theory of scales of measurement. Science 103:677-680.

STINCHCOMBE, A.L. (1971) A heuristic procedure for interpreting factor analysis. American Sociological Review 36:1080-1084.

THOMPSON, G.H. (1934) Hotellings method modified to give Spearmans g. Journal of Educational Psychology 25:366-374.

THURSTONE, L.L. (1947) Multiple Factor Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

TRYON, C.R. and BAILEY, D.E. (1970) Cluster Analysis. New York: McGraw-Hill.

TUCKER, L.R. (1966) Some mathematical notes on three mode factor analysis. Psychometrika 31:279-311.

TUCKER, L.R. (1971) Relations of factor score estimates to their use. Psychometrika 36:427-436.

TUCKER, L.R., R.F. KOOPMAN, and R.L. LINN (1969) Evaluation of factor analytic research procedures by means of simulated correlation matrices. Psychometrika 34:421-459.

TUCKER, L.R. and C. LEWIS (1973) A reliability coefficient for maximum likelihood factor analysis. Psychometrika 38:1-8,

VELICER, W.F. (1975) The relation between factor scores, image scores, and principal component scores. Educational and Psychological Measurement 36:149-159.

WAINER, H. (1976) Estimating coefficients in linear models: it dont make no nevermind. Psychological Bulletin 83:213-217.

WANG, M.W. and J.C. STANLEY (1970) Differential weighing: a review of methods and empirical studies. Review of Educational Research 40:663-705.

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